Unfortunately head lice thrive in the humid environment created by sweat on the human head. They are a common problem, particularly among children of primary school age. The best way to deal with or avoid a head lice infestation in your family is to know what you are up against.
- are small wingless insects that live on the human head.
- prefer the warmest places on the human head, e.g., behind the ears or in the nape of the neck.
- have nothing to do with hygiene. Head lice do not discriminate between short or long, or clean or dirty hair.
- feed on human blood from the scalp up to four times a day.
- bite through the scalp and inject a substance, saliva. This irritates the scalp and causes itching.
- do not carry diseases, but scratching can break the skin, leaving it open to infection.
- cannot survive for longer than 2 to 3 days outside of hair.
- can survive hair washing by gripping on tightly to hair, and closing the holes along the sides of their bodies through which they breathe.
- cannot jump, hop, fly or swim.
- reproduce very quickly. Female head lice can lay up to 10 eggs a day. The eggs are usually found near the hair root, close to the scalp. They are more difficult to remove. So, the earlier you detect head lice the easier you can get rid of them.
Get rid of head lice
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